5G activity in Scotland falls broadly into two groups:
Our 5G Activity Map offers you an instant guide to what’s happening where – including our own S5GC projects.
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Connected Autonomous Vehicles
DARWIN’s aim is to provide proof of concept of ubiquitous communications by exploring the wider possibilities of connected terrestrial and satellite-connected terrestrial 5G networks and satellite GEO and LEO constellations. The project will showcase its findings on connected autonomous vehicles (CAV).
DARWIN CAVs will bring new opportunities for rural areas by providing ubiquitous communications in a safe and entertaining environment. We want to see how local communities thrive by using our services as a platform for even bigger and better things
A9 Perth - Inverness
Rural Connectivity Testbed
The 5G Scotland Rural Testbed facility features 5G deployment activities at two physical and rural locations in Scotland: (1) Loch Lomond and Trossachs National Park (just 24 miles north of Glasgow), and (2) Orkney Islands (off the north coast of Scotland, featuring some ultra-rural and very remote environments). The project aims to demonstrate the 5G technology and opportunity for new ways of doing things, and to support and inform the development of the new 5G ecosystem so that it is able to address the needs and aspirations of communities and businesses in rural locations with both 5G-enabled FWA and mobile services. The project is led by University of Strathclyde, working with a number of tier 1 industry partners including key collaborators Cisco Systems, Xilinx, and local SMEs (CloudNet IT Solutions Ltd, Scottish Wireless Ltd, Ping Network Solutions Ltd) and associate partners on openRAN and disaggregated RAN development and supply (including Amarisoft, AW2S, Skylark).
“Creation of key R&D knowhow for the integration of new 5G technologies and solutions including disaggregated and open RAN, neural hosting and custom software defined radio design. Connecting to a 5G core and cloud services, the testbed will provide a platform for partners and associates to investigate and evaluate new strategies, technologies and business models for councils, industry and network providers. “
Loch Lomond and the Trossachs, Orkney Islands
5G Technologies in Populated Urban Areas
The project is facilitating the creation of a 5G-enabled testbed in Glasgow that will crystallise and connect UK capabilities within a highly visible and large-scale transformation project. Work is taking place around the University of Glasgow’s West End campus.
Anticipated benefits include establishing a world-class innovation district that could push Glasgow into the top rank of global innovative cities. The project focuses on strategic economic sectors including education, health, finance, manufacturing, tourism and the creative industries. As a first step, the Glasgow Riverside Innovation District will deliver a 5G-enabled Smart Campus at the University of Glasgow as an urban laboratory for 5G.
5G needs land & buildings for deployment of network sites. These sites need to be understood and made seamlessly available. The project will help public asset owners and the mobile industry engage to do this. Project deliverables will include: (1) development of a national asset register to give operators information on sites across Scotland owned by wide-ranging organisations; (2) development of financial guidance for site use; (3) standardised legal agreements to simplify site acquisition.
The key benefits of delivering and using these engagement tools will be reduction in complexity, faster deployment and potentially more connectivity investment in the areas where these outputs are used. By using the tools, the public sector will send a clear signal that the importance of connectivity is recognised and that Scotland is open for 4G/5G business.
5G Testbed and Public WiFi
Recommended contractors AWTG Ltd will deliver the infrastructure needed for provision of free public WiFi and the 5G testbed, including the supply and installation of fibre in the Central Waterfront and a fibre connection to Abertay University. They will also extend public WiFi coverage to the city centre at no additional cost to the council.
The creation of a 5G testbed and public WiFi, including the installation of fibre in the Central Waterfront and a fibre connection to Abertay University. It will help to develop a robust business case to unlock the £2 million assigned in the Tay Cities Deal.
Rural Connectivity Testbed
Based primarily on the Orkney Islands, and in the farmlands of Shropshire and Somerset, the project integrated spectrum sharing strategies for 5G; brought connectivity to rural communities, enabled smart farming in partnership with Agri-Epi Centre (including drones, autonomous farm vehicles and remote veterinary inspections); innovative methods of delivering broadcast radio over 5G working with the BBC, alongside the delivery of 5G connectivity for IoT in utility and other industries in rural areas. This initial phase of the project has now concluded.
“Industrial IoT – provide a vital stepchange to connectivity in UK agriculture and rural communities, with a variety of use cases being tested. Community and infrastructure – community mobile broadband, keeping ferries connected, legionella condition monitoring, supporting sustainable tourism. Broadcast – use a general purpose 5G network to deliver radio and TV broadcasting to rural areas. “
As part of the Glasgow City Innovation District (GCID) and University of Strathclyde Technology and Innovation Centre (TIC), new facilities are being created to grow six key sectors of industry and entrepreneurship: 5G technologies; quantum technologies; healthtech; fintech; industrial informatics, and (vi) SpaceTech, with the 5G Cluster providing laboratory and engagement space for industry to partner across the other five clusters. 5G and next generation wireless technology is seen as a key applications space in the emerging and growing markets around quantum, financial, industrial, space and health markets.
Co-location in high spec R&D laboratory, feature space, and office accomodation. Offering a vibrant and active environment for inward investment for technology companies in the heart of Glasgow.
Research & Development
Partnering with Xilinx and XUP in this project, University of Strathclyde is investigating and developing implementations for 5G SDR implementations for 5G radios. The Xilinx RFSoC FPGA provides up to 16 channels of RF input and output (over a range 0 to 4GHz) on a single chip.This integrated platform device will form a key component for the implementation of key 5G algorithms including MIMO, beamforming and multi-band radio implementations in the coming generation of disaggregated RAN implementations – an entire 5G base station essentially on one device.
Development of IP and demonstrators for RFSoC 5G Disaggregated Radio implementation.
The University of Strathclyde is the only academic institution on the UK 5G security group, represented by Dr Greig Paul. This group is responsible for delivering recommendations on cybersecurity, and defining best practices for security in 5G, particularly with regard to testbeds and other innovation and research programmes, particularly in light of the Telecoms Supply Chain Review, which has set out key priorities for 5G security.
“Ensuring the security of our 5G networks and other critical infrastructure, that we rely on more than ever for daily life, business and public services. Driving forward best security practices in all 5G testbeds, and ensuring that we have confidence in 5G technology, and the development of a safe, secure and resilient 5G ecosystem. Identifying and defining the best security practices across different applications of 5G, and the underlying technology, and ensuring that appropriate skills are present throughout the ecosystem.”
CNI / Applications / Industry Engagement
The Power Network Demonstration Centre is a unique facility in the UK with 11kV and LV distribution networks, which are flexible with the ability to vary voltage, frequency and perform disturbance testing in a controlled environment. The existing £1.5m communications network on site is being enhanced with 5G core and RAN components to allow testing of 5G performance, in particular for very low latency applications (power protection communications).
Initial output of the work is feeding through into member company thinking for communications requirements in future regulated funding rounds, and in particular the mix of fibre and wireless components. The work, and related activity in 4G, is also being used in conjuction with field trials by JRC in order to assist Ofcom in its current study on spectrum requirements for utility networks.
The online project aims to engage with public worldwide in order to: bring together student teachers, STEM-subject academics and school pupils; provide student teachers and pupils with industry and science experience related to 5G; bring teachers and school pupils into an academic environment aligned with industry; develop 5G related STEM activities that parents and pupils can use at home; enhance career opportunities for pupils and students; encourage senior pupils to participate in a mentoring and training programme; promote current 5G research and innovation into communities.
The Summer STEM Academy will aim to create partnerships between universities, schools and business. It will increase the opportunity for student & probationer teachers to become more familiar with 5G technology and its applications; and enable schools and communities to gain a greater awareness of current research and development in 5G and future career prospects in telecommunications.
Online - worldwide
The Centre for Industrial Doctoral Training (CIDT) will be part of the Scotland 5G Centre with total funding of approx £4m from EIT Digital. This will have 14 international-rate studentships (worth £145K+ each) in 2020, 14 in 2021 and 6+ in following years. The industrial collaborators include Nokia, NXP, Leonardo, Digital Catapult and 5 SMEs: AI Drivers, AI Biotech, Stech, SweGaN & BRD. The first cohort is expected to start by September 2020.
The CIDT will support the doctoral students, their supervisors and business representatives participating in the mentoring of the doctoral students in cross-disciplinary and cross-organisational issues and will ensure they can work in an open and creative environment. The CIDT will also ensure that a business partner participates in the mentoring of each doctoral student. The EIT Digital Doctoral Training Centre will also actively support doctoral students’ driven entrepreneurial efforts.
Healthcare - Covid-19 response
Real-time epidemiological data remains key to flattening the COVID-19 pandemic curve, and this can only be obtained through accurately reporting the test results of the broader population. The purpose of this project is to develop and deploy a proof-of-concept Connected Mobile Health Clinic (CMHC) in the Glasgow region to support the national strategy against the COVID-19 pandemic by extending the capabilities for testing and gathering data in real-time.
The CMHC (a fully equipped mobile clinic supported by a 4G/5G mobile network) is deployed to conduct one or more of the following activities: delivery of PPE and test kits to care homes; remote testing, capture and send the results back to stakeholders; in case regulations prohibit remote testing, the vehicle could collect test samples and deliver them to a predefined collection hub, while providing real-time status; other activities related to the monitoring and management of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Technology for first responders
Critical infrastructures serve as the pillars for the nation’s economy, security and health programmes and include assets, systems, and networks spanning a significant breadth of its geographical area. In the event of potential destruction of these infrastructures by either man-made or natural disasters, it is of paramount importance to implement an appropriate emergency management system (EMS) capable of handling or preventing such catastrophes. The aim of the project is to conduct advanced research into a new Distributed Autonomous and Resilient EMS; referred here as DARE.
The DARE architecture supports all phases of the EMS and is founded upon three main communication platforms: wireless sensor networks (WSNs), ad hoc networks and 5G mobile networks.
The aim of the project is to develop 5G flexible and scalable non-invasive wireless sensing system to detect activities of daily living using software defined radios (SDRs). The project runs from October 2020 to January 2022 and data will be processed for a duration of 12 months. This use case will develop a non-invasive system that makes use of Universal Software Radio Peripheral (USRP) models, working as SDRs to extract the Channel State Information (CSI) from continuous stream of multiple subcarriers.
Early detection of cognitive and functional decline; prompt detection of critical events (e.g. falls, strokes, neurological disorders)
Education & training
The UofG team is working in close collaboration with British Telecom and VRTuoso on an immersive teaching and training 5G use case. This was demonstrated to the First Minister Nicola Sturgeon by Prof Muhammad Imran and Dr Qammer Abbasi earlier this year, where the FM was virtually teleported from the Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh to James Watt Nanofabrication centre at the University of Glasgow. The team is now extending this use case for remote training of key workers.
This use case demonstrates the potential of 5G to allow students and businesses to visualise the operations of a manufacturing site from anywhere in the world, removing the need for people to be physically present, reducing travel and increasing access to experts and facilities. With this project, the team expects to avoid face-to-face training of new key workers while maintaining a high retention rate of more than 80%.
Smart tourism and smart city
University of Glasgow in partnership with BT and Yellow Design is developing a 5G use case for smart tourism; the agreed deliverables for phase 1 are: AR wayfinding solution across the designated areas within the campus; virtual pods situated at key thoroughfares through the designated area providing an indication of key facilities and information in the surrounding area; creation of a virtual timeline explaining the history of individual campus buildings and the university’s notable alumni.
In the first phase, the project will showcase the benefits of AR wayfinding, providing an entirely new experience in tourism and smart campus facilities. The project will then expand to cover tourist locations throughout Glasgow, enabling smart tourism using 5G.
A real-time remote-controlled robot is an essential function that enables a wide range of applications in 5G. In this project, we are developing a prototype of a remote-controlled robotic arm system over a 5G network for industry 4.0. The remote tele-operation will be demonstrated, where an operator and the robotic arm are in different geographic locations. The goal is to delevop novel 5G techniques that can achieve reliable real-time robotic control under dynamic wireless networks.
A proven use case and system in this project would be expected to show why mobile private networks (MPNs)—and particularly 5G MPNs with low latency—will benefit industry in remote control of equipment and operations, even when people are not physically present on site, enabling effective work from home.
To transform hearing care by 2050, the project aims to completely re-think the way hearing aids are designed. Our transformative approach – for the first time – draws on the cognitive principles of normal hearing. Listeners naturally combine information from both their ears and eyes: we use our eyes to help us hear. We will create ‘multi-modal’ aids which not only amplify sounds but contextually use simultaneously collected information from a range of sensors to improve speech intelligibility.
Our strong user group, which includes Sonova, Nokia/Bell Labs, Deaf Scotland and Action on Hearing Loss, will serve to maximise the impact of our ambitious research programme. The outcomes of our work will be fully integrated, software and hardware prototypes, that will be clinically evaluated using listening and intelligibility tests with hearing-impaired volunteers in a range of modern, noisy, reverberant environments.
Our vision is that the home of the future will be an environment that has the ability to follow our everyday movements, behaviour and wellness. In this sense, it will become an extension of our physical bodies, providing us with feedback, advice and alerts in the presence of anomalies in the data streams collected by new-generation sensors. The analysis of the data-streams from the sensors will be based on clinically approved models, thus effectively bringing highly trained expertise directly to the living environment.
Remote detection and monitoring of parameters such as gait, macro and micro-movements, blood flow, heart rate and potentially even brain function, when combined with data-driven models, will allow not only the monitoring of health and the onset of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) but also recovery from NCDs or surgery with personalised and continuously updated rehabilitation programmes. This therefore takes the concept of precision medicine and extends it to our overall physical and mental well-being, with the vision of enabling ‘precision healthcare’ delivered to the home.
Researchers at Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh are using 5G technology to create a simulator system aimed at inspiring businesses and residents to get involved in the development of new energy systems in Orkney.
The digital twinning system will demonstrate how Orkney’s new energy network will operate, what the different component parts are, and how people can interact with it and collaborate to create a genuinely democratised energy system.
The project is for public outreach, with the aim to demystify 5G, bust the myths and let the public experiment themselves with benefits in a virtual system based around Orkney.
For businesses and other service providers, it is an opportunity to understand how they can benefit from 5G technology in a distributed energy network – how 5G can assist in areas of predictive fault finding, accurate performance reporting, collision avoidance in autonomous vehicles etc.
Augmented Reality / Virtual Reality / 5G Radios
Pilot project to build state of the private LTE (5G ready) shared spectrum technologies using NB-IoT to provide proof of concept for a smart energy monitoring and management system for residential communal heating systems. Partners are University of Strathclyde, Switch2, Pure LeapFrog, and it will feature test demonstration installations at Mount Stuart (Isle of Bute) at Blackwood Housing Association. The deployment of a test network for a private LTE technology network supporting NB-IoT would provide anywhere, anytime monitoring, control and management and a truly scalable and wide area solution. As the new marketplace approaches, one change we will see is that that wide area mobile style networks featuring NB-IoT can be deployed by new ‘enterprise operators’. This project is funded by the Green Economy Fund (Scottish Power).
Provide smart metering and switching control for communal heating systems and for charging applications.
Bute and Glasgow
Augmented Reality / Virtual Reality / 5G Radios
Project involving a number of partners in the UK and in South Korea and led by Cisco and University of Strathclyde in the UK. The project will look at ‘infotainment’ to provide high-speed 5G enabled connectivity to underground trains. The Glasgow Subway and Seoul Metro (South Korea) will provide testbeds for getting gigabit connectivity to subway trains in tunnels, and an engineering team from industry and academia will collaborate on engineering and use case designs. Project partners in the UK will create AR/VR apps and demonstrate applications requiring low latency and high data rates. The project is co-funded by the UK Govt (DCMS) and the South Korean Govt.
Test the viability and practicalities of operating 5G within a subway for high bandwidth AR and VR applications.
Shared Spectrum Private 5G Networks
One of the DCMS Rural Connected Communities (RCC) projects extending the work of the 5G Rural First project and led by Cisco Systems and University of Strathclyde, with key partners including BBC R&D, Federated Wireless, Faroese Telecom/SHEFA, CloudNet IT Solutions, Scotland 5G Centre and Pure LeapFrog. The main pillars of the project will be (1) shared spectrum via the Ofcom shared and local licensing; (2) critical mass of delivery and supply partners for disaggregated and open RAN and neutral hosting; (3) managing access to backhaul, 5G core & cloud and available and strategic mast/infrastructure locations; (4) knowhow for the creation of new Bencom/ cooperative business and operating models. The project will develop the 5G New Thinking Toolkit as a key deliverable to inform others (councils, civic partners, industries, communities) on the key considerations, components and partnerships for building, operating, and neutral hosting private 5G networks that provide rural connectivity. Other locations involved include Northern Ireland, and the Scotland/England Borderlands.
Long-term benefits include improved access to healthcare, education and government services in rural and remote areas, growth in tourism, and access for local businesses to online facilities.
Orkney and Scotland/England Borderlands
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